Severe bleeding can become fatal in as little as 3-5 minutes, which is why everyone should know a few things about what it is and how to treat it:
1. What is massive bleeding?
Massive bleeding is exactly what it sounds like: any major bleeding suspected to be coming from an artery, or a combination of large veins (typically found in the arms, legs and neck).
2. How dangerous is it?
According to the National Trauma Institute, "after a traumatic injury, hemorrhage is responsible for over 35% of pre-hospital deaths and over 40% of deaths within the first 24 hours, second only to the rates of death due to severe central nervous system injury."
3. Why should I care? (especially if youdon't have training)
Severe bleeding is relatively easy to manage if you have the right tools and knowledge. If you are prepared, you might be someone's best chance at survival until the professional first responders arrive.**a little known fact: with severe bleeding, you may have to stop the bleeding BEFORE you call 911 - there isn't always time. If there are two bystanders present, one person can call 911 while the other stops the bleed.
3. How do I treat it?
Management techniques for massive hemorrhage depend on the location of the injury. Generally, extremities (arms and legs) are managed with tourniquets, while junctional injuries (i.e. shoulders, hips, groin, neck and upper torso) are managed with hemostatic gauze.